Table and tablespace encryption on MariaDB 10.1.3

Note that this post is now outdated. See Table and tablespace encryption on MariaDB 10.1

Introduction

For the moment, the only engines that fully support encryption are XtraDB and InnoDB. The Aria storage engine also supports encryption, but only for temporary tables.

MariaDB supports 2 different way to encrypt data in InnoDB/XtraDB:

  1. Specified table encryption: Only tables which you create with PAGE_ENCRYPTION=1 are encrypted. This feature was created by eperi.
  2. Tablespace encryption: Everything is encrypted (including log files). This feature was created by Google and is based on their MySQL branch.

Read more

MariaDB 10.1.1: Defragmenting unused space on InnoDB tablespace

Introduction

When you e.g. delete rows, these rows are just marked as deleted not really physically deleted from indexes and free space introduced is not returned to operating system for later reuse. Purge thread will physically delete index keys and rows, but still free space introduced is not returned to operating system and this operation can lead holes on page. If you have variable length rows, this could lead to situation where this free space can’t be used for new rows (if these rows are larger than old ones). User may use OPTIMIZE TABLE or ALTER TABLE <table> Read more

MariaDB 10.1.1: Monitoring progress and temporal memory usage of Online DDL in InnoDB

Introduction

Online DDL is a new feature in MariaDB 10.0. Online DDL is processed through below 4 tasks in sequence.

  1. InnoDB::ha_prepare_inplace_alter_table(..)
  2. InnoDB::ha_inplace_alter_table(..)
  3. InnoDB::ha_commit_inplace_alter_table(..)
  4. mysql_rename_table(..)

InnoDB storage engine allocates temporal memory buffer for transaction logging in phase 1 where row changes during this phase are logged. Size of this buffer is at start sort_buffer_size and it can be grown up to innodb_online_alter_log_max size. During phase 2 thread processing the ALTER statement will copy old table’s rows to a new altered table. After this MariaDB will take exclusive lock for target table and applies row log buffer to the new altered table. Read more

Performance evaluation of MariaDB 10.1 and MySQL 5.7.4-labs-tplc

Introduction

Evaluating the performance of database systems is a very demanding task. There are a lot of hard choices to be made, e.g.:

  • What operating system and operating system version is to be used
  • What configuration setup is to be used
  • What benchmarks are to be used and how long are the warm-up and measure times
  • What test setups are to be used
  • What version of the database management system is used
  • What storage engine is used

While performance evaluation is mostly machine time, there is still a lot of hard work for the human monitoring the tests. Read more

Significant performance boost with new MariaDB page compression on FusionIO

The MariaDB project is pleased to announce a special preview release of MariaDB 10.0.9 with significant performance gains on FusionIO devices. This is is a beta-quality preview release.

Download MariaDB 10.0.9-FusionIO preview

Background

The latest work between MariaDB and FusionIO has focused on dramatically improving performance of MariaDB on the high-end SSD drives produced by Fusion-IO and at the same time delivering much better endurance for the drives themselves. Furthermore, FusionIO flash memory solutions increase transactional database performance. MariaDB includes specialized improvements for FusionIO devices, leveraging a feature of the NVMFS filesystem on these popular, high performance solid state disks. Read more

MariaDB 10.0.9 now available

The MariaDB project is pleased to announce the immediate availability of MariaDB 10.0.9. This is a Release Candidate release.

Among other changes, XtraDB is now the default InnoDB implementation, Oracle’s InnoDB is included as a plugin and can be dynamically loaded if desired. Packages for Ubuntu 14.04 “trusty” and Debian “Sid” have also been added to the MariaDB Ubuntu and Debian repositories.

See the Release Notes and Changelog for detailed information on this release and the What is MariaDB 10.0? page in the MariaDB Knowledge Base for general information about the MariaDB 10.0 series. Read more